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Tanzania: Country Fast Facts


  • Location: Tanzania, officially the United Republic of Tanzania, is a country in East Africa within the African Great Lakes region. It is bordered by Kenya and Uganda to the north; Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west; Zambia, Malawi, and Mozambique to the south; and the Indian Ocean to the east. Kilimanjaro, Africa’s highest mountain, is in northeastern Tanzania.

  • The name "Tanzania" was created as a clipped compound of the names of the two states that unified to create the country: Tanganyika and Zanzibar.[27] It consists of the first three letters of the names of the two states ("Tan" and "Zan") and the suffix, "ia" to form Tanzania.

  • Population: 36,481,000

  • Capital: Dodoma

  • Area: 945,087 square kilometers (364,900 square miles)

  • Language: Kiswahili, Kiungujo, English, Arabic, many local languages

  • Religion: Christian, Muslim, indigenous beliefs

  • Currency: Tanzanian shilling

  • Industry: Agricultural processing (sugar, beer, cigarettes, sisal twine), diamond and gold mining, oil refining

  • Agriculture: Coffee, sisal, tea, cotton; cattle

  • Exports: Gold, coffee, cashew nuts, manufactures, cotton

  • People & Culture: Tanzania’s population includes around 120 different African tribal groups. The largest group is the Sukuma, who live in the north-western part of the country, south of Lake Victoria.The country’s earliest people were hunters and gatherers, who inhabited the land as far back as5000BC. Around 800AD, traders moved to the country from India, Arabia and Persia (present day Iran), creating a diverse mix of peoples and cultures. Today, about 90 percent of Tanzanians live in the rural areas and live off what they can grow on the land. In more recent years, however, people have started to migrate from the countryside to developing towns and cities.


  • Tanzania has the most expensive hardwood tree in the world - the Mpingo trees, also known as the African Blackwood trees.

  •  The earliest human skull in the world was discovered in Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania

  • With more than 4 million wild animals in its periphery, Tanzania has the largest concentration of animals per square kilometer in the world.

  • And talking about wild, 30% of country’s area is occupied with national parks. As of September 2019, TANAPA has grown to 22 national parks, covering approximately 99,306.5 square Kilometers

  • The highest free standing mountain in the world, Mt. Kilimanjaro, is located in Tanzania. It is also the highest mountain in Africa.

  • The largest crab in the world is the coconut crab found in the Zanzibar archipelago of Tanzania.

  • The Ruaha National Park is home to the largest population of wild elephants in all of Eastern Africa.

  • Tanzania also houses the world’s largest volcanic crater, Ngorongoro, with a diameter of 19kms and is 600m deep.

  • Freddie Mercury, the lead vocalist of the English band ‘Queen’ is a Tanz

  • anian by birth and was born in the archipelago of Zanzibar in Stone Town. His real name is Farrokh Bulsara.


Tanzanians are very friendly and polite people and they like to greet each other. These Swahili words and phrases may come handy when you interact with the locals.

  • Karibu - welcome

  • Jambo? / hujambo? (how are you?) – you answer “si jambo” (I am fine)

  • Habari? (how are you?) – you answer “nzuri” or "nzuri sana (fine/ very fine)

  • Mambo (what’s up) – you may answer “poa” (cool) or “safi” (fine/clean)

  • Siku nzuri – have a nice day

  • Kwaheri – goodbye

  • Tutaonana baadaye (often shortened to baadaye) – see you later

  • Asante – thank you (to one person)

  • Asanteni – thank you (to more than one person)

  • Asante sana – thank you very much

  • Ladha – it was delicious

  • Hapana asante – no, thank you

  • Tafadhali – please

  • Pole (pronounced po-le) – sorry

  • Pole pole (po-le-po-le) – slowly

  • Hakuna matata – no worries

  • Safari – travel

  • Samahani – excuse me

  • Ninaitwa – My name is…

  • Ndio / hapana – yes / no

  • Pesa – money

  • Maji - water




  • Valid passport (and photocopy of picture page)

  • Visa (you may get upon arrival for $100 for US citizens and $50 for citizens of other countries

  • A picture ID (e.g. driver’s license) other than passport



  • Driving in the parks is allowed between 6 am and 6 pm only.

  • The speed limit in the parks is 50km/h and 25km/h in the Ngorongoro Crater.

  • Animals always have the right of way.

  • Never feed animals. It will upset their diet and lead to an unnecessary dependence on people.


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